This Watermelon Layer Cake is the ultimate summer dessert! Layers of watermelon-flavored cake are studded with mini chocolate chips, and the outside is painted to look just like a watermelon. It’s fun, it’s unexpected, and it’s really delicious—what more could you ask for? Note that you may not use all the frosting for this cake, depending on how thick you like the frosting in between layers. Whatever you don’t use can be saved in the refrigerator for up to 2 weeks, or in the freezer for 4-6 months.
Preheat the oven to 350 F. Line four 8" round cake pans with parchment paper, and spray the pans with nonstick cooking spray.
Combine the butter, oil, granulated sugar, and gelatin in the bowl of a large stand mixer. Mix on medium speed with the paddle attachment until light and fluffy. Add the eggs in one at a time, mixing well after each addition, then add the vanilla.
Sift together the flour, baking powder and salt in a medium bowl.
With the mixer running on low speed, add a third of the dry ingredients and mix until just a few flour streaks remain, then pour in half of the buttermilk. Continue to alternate adding dry and wet ingredients, ending with the drys. Stop right when the flour is mixed in.
Finish mixing the batter with a rubber spatula, stirring around the bottom and sides of the bowl to make sure that all of the stray flour is incorporated. Add a few drops of red, pink, and burgundy food coloring, and stir well to incorporate it. Add additional color, as desired, until you get a nice watermelon shade.
Divide the batter between the prepared pans. If you have a kitchen scale, each pan should get about 14 oz of batter. Sprinkle about ¼ cup miniature chocolate chips on top of each pan, and swirl them into the batter gently. Smooth the top of the batter.
Bake the cakes at 350 F for about 30 minutes, until they start pulling away from the sides and a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean. These cakes won't dome much, so it’s better to use the toothpick test here. Let them cool completely before assembling the cake. They can be made in advance, wrapped well in plastic wrap, and stored in the refrigerator for up to 5 days or in the freezer for up to 4 weeks. If frozen, let them partially defrost before assembling.
To Make the Buttercream:
Combine the whites, powdered sugar, and salt in the bowl of a large stand mixer fitted with a paddle attachment. Mix everything together on low speed, until the sugar is moistened and no dry patches remain. Turn off the mixer, scrape down the sides and bottom of the bowl with a spatula, then turn the mixer to medium speed. Beat on medium for 5 minutes.
After 5 minutes, turn the mixer to medium-low and start adding the softened room temperature butter, 1-2 tablespoons at a time. Once all of the butter is incorporated, add the vanilla extract and mix it in. Stop the mixer and scrape down the bottom and sides once more. Turn the speed to medium and beat the buttercream for 10 minutes. At the end, you’ll have a frosting with a wonderfully light and creamy texture.
Divide the buttercream in half. Color half of it with the red, pink, and burgundy colors to get a watermelon shade that matches your cakes. Leave the other half white for now.
To Assemble and Decorate:
If you want to use black fondant to make seeds for the top of the cake, pinch off a tiny piece of fondant and roll it between your fingers to make it round. Press down to flatten it, then pinch the tip so it forms a seed shape. Repeat until you’ve made about 20 seeds. (If you don’t want to do this, you can substitute chocolate chips or mini chips instead.)
Place one cake round on an 8” cake cardboard, and put it on a cake turntable. Add about a cup of red buttercream on top, and spread it out to the edges of the cake in an even layer. Scatter some miniature chocolate chips on top of the frosting, and use a spatula to swirl them into the buttercream.
Place a second cake layer on top of the first, and repeat the frosting/chocolate chip/cake pattern until you’ve stacked all of the cake layers.
Spread a layer of white buttercream all around the edges of the cake, leaving the top plain. The white will look like the watermelon’s rind when the cake is cut. Add enough buttercream so that the cake edges are completely covered and not peeking through. Refrigerate the cake for about 30 minutes to firm up the frosting. Place about 2/3 cup of white buttercream into a pastry bag fitted with a ½-inch round tip, and set aside.
Tint the remaining white buttercream with a few drops of yellow and green food coloring, to make a light yellowish-green color.
Spread this green buttercream in a thin layer over the white buttercream, just enough to cover it smoothly. Take the white buttercream in the piping bag, and pipe a ring of white frosting around the top of the cake, staying close to the edge.
Put the remaining red buttercream on top of the cake, and spread the red out until it reaches the white frosting circle. Press your black fondant seeds (or chocolate chips) into the red frosting. Chill the cake well, for at least an hour, until the sides are very firm.
Now for the fun part: painting the sides! I recommend wearing gloves for this step, unless you enjoy having bright green fingers. Mix together a teaspoon of green coloring with a tablespoon of vodka. Take a soft, new natural sponge and get it damp, then dip it into the food coloring. Dab the sponge on the side of the chilled cake in a vertical line, making a thick stripe. Make a second stripe, leaving a little space in between the two. Repeat around the sides of the cake, mixing together more food coloring and vodka if necessary, until you have green stripes all the way around.
Rinse the sponge, and mix together yellow food coloring and vodka in the same way. Repeat the same procedure, adding yellow stripes in between the green ones. Dab the green and yellow together, to make them blend and make the stripes look more organic and less precise. Work the colors on top of each other, and don’t be afraid to add darker patches of green and yellow—the more random it is, the more natural it will look!
For the best taste and texture, serve this cake at room temperature.