These Candy Cane Cookies are a classic, must-make Christmas recipe. Peppermint-flavored sugar cookie dough is gently formed into the shape of candy canes—perfect for holiday parties or a treat for Santa!

Candy Cane Cookie leaning up against a glass of milk.
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These Candy Cane Cookies are a twist on the usual sugar cookie recipe. (pause for groans) Cheesy jokes aside, they are a fun and delicious change from standard sugar cookies, and their bright, vibrant color, minty flavor, and signature shape make them a great addition to any holiday cookie assortment.

There are many different ways to make candy cane cookies, but after a lot of experimentation I’ve found the assembly method I like best. Traditionally, they’re made by twisting two different strands of dough together. However, I’ve found that I prefer starting with a two-tone layered dough, because you can get a smoother cookie with more twists that way.

Read on for a full tutorial showing how to make, shape, and bake these candy cane cookies, and don’t miss the video taking you through the steps! I’m sharing lots of tips and tricks so you can nail these cookies the first time, but if you want to skip right to the recipe, you can jump to the recipe card at the bottom.

If you’re looking for more Christmas recipes, you’ll love some of our most popular cookie recipes, like Pinwheel Cookies, Pecan Snowball Cookies, and Big Soft Sugar Cookies – these are a reader favorite!

Candy Cane Cookies standing up in a clear glass with gold and silver dot accents.

Table of Contents

🧾 What You’ll Need

Overhead shot of ingredients needed to make Candy Cane Cookies.


This recipe uses standard baking ingredients, so chances are you have most of the necessities on hand. Here are a few tips to keep in mind as you gather ingredients. (Links are affiliate links and I earn a small commission from qualifying purchases.)

  • Butter: Your butter should be at room temperature to make these cookies. This means it’s pliable but cool–you don’t want it to be greasy and melty. I always recommend unsalted butter in baking, so you can control the precise amount of salt. If you only have salted butter, use that but omit the additional salt in the recipe.
  • Cream Cheese: Cream cheese gives these cookies a soft, tender texture. Be sure to use blocks of cream cheese and not the “whipped” variety in the tub. I always recommend using full-fat cream cheese instead of light varieties.
  • Egg Yolk: You’ll need one egg yolk. Here’s my full guide to separating egg yolks and whites if you need a refresher, and don’t throw away that egg white–you can save it for a future batch of Meringue Cookies or buttercream!
  • Peppermint Extract: Peppermint extract adds a minty, holiday flavor to these cookies. It’s easy to find in grocery stores, usually in the baking or spices section. If you’re purchasing online, I prefer this Peppermint Bakery Emulsion from LorAnn over a traditional alcohol-based extract. It can stand up to high heat, so the flavor doesn’t evaporate during baking and it produces consistent results, every time.
  • Red Food Coloring: For the best results, you will want to use gel food coloring. It is more concentrated than typical water-based colorings, so you don’t have to use as much coloring to get strong, vibrant shades. I use and recommend Americolor gel coloring. For this recipe, I used Americolor Super Red.
Overhead shot of Candy Cane Cookies scattered on a pink marble background.


  • Baking Sheet: Quality aluminum baking sheets will keep the bottoms of the cookies from burning and help cookies bake evenly.
  • Mixer: You’ll need a mixer to make the dough. Either a stand mixer or hand mixer will work fine.
  • Parchment Paper: I never bake directly on my baking sheets–it’s all about the parchment, baby! Save time and cleanup by using silicone liners or parchment paper when baking cookies.
  • Rolling Pin: I love the French style rolling pin.
  • Kitchen Scale (Optional): When possible, I recommend using a kitchen scale to measure out ingredients by weight. Weighing ingredients is faster and more accurate than using volume measurements, plus there’s less clean-up!

📋 Instructions

Here’s a photo tutorial showing how to make Candy Cane Cookies. Full instructions and nutrition information are included in the recipe card down below.

Two photo collage showing how to mix up the dough for Candy Cane Cookies.
Two photo collage showing how to mix up the dough for Candy Cane Cookies.

Cream together ingredients

  • Beat room-temperature butter with a mixer until cream. Add cream cheese and sugar, and mix again until light, smooth, and fluffy.
  • Add the egg yolk, peppermint extract, and salt, and mix until everything comes together.
Two photo collage showing the desired texture for Candy Cane Cookie dough.

Add the flour

  • Turn the mixing speed down to low and steadily stream in your flour. Mix until everything just comes together. Finish by scraping down the bottom and sides of the bowl with a spatula, so everything gets incorporated.
  • The dough should be soft but not sticky.
Two photo collage showing how to color and roll out the dough for Candy Cane Cookies.

Divide the dough

  • Divide the dough in half. Use red gel food coloring to dye one half of the dough a vibrant red color.
  • Place each half of your dough between two sheets of parchment paper. Use a rolling pin to roll each into a long, 1/4-inch thick rectangle, about 5″ wide x 18″ inches long.
Two photo collage showing how to layer and cut dough for Candy Cane Cookies.
  • Chill your dough briefly before stacking the red rectangle on top of the plain rectangle. Use your rolling pin to meld the colors and flatten the dough to about ½” thick. Refrigerate again until firm.
  • Starting at the top of the longer side, use a sharp knife to cut thin strips across the width of the rectangle. Each strip should be about ½-inch wide and 5-inches long.
Four photo collage showing the progressing of shaping a Candy Cane Cookie.

Shape the cookies into candy canes

  • Roll one strip of cookie dough between your hands until the edges round out.
  • Start to twist the dough gently with your fingers, creating a red-and-white spiral pattern.
  • Continue to twist –gently!– until you’re happy with the stripe design.
Two photo collage showing candy cane cookies before they are baked.

Create the candy cane shape

  • Curve one end of the dough until your cookie resembles a candy cane.
  • Place your cookies onto a parchment-lined baking sheet and repeat with the remaining dough.
Nine Candy Cane Cookies on a parchment-covered pink baking sheet.

Bake and enjoy!

  • While you wait for the oven to preheat, pop the cookie sheets briefly into the freezer. Chilling the cookies before baking helps them keep their shape and prevents them from spreading too much.
  • Bake for 12-14 minutes. They will puff up and lose their raw shine, but won’t take on much color.
  • Allow your baked candy cane cookies to cool completely before serving and enjoying! 
Hand about to dunk a candy cane cookie into a glass of milk.

💡 Tips and FAQs  

  • Getting a bright red shade takes a lot of food coloring — it’s just the nature of the beast! Using a high-quality gel color like Americolor Super Red is helpful, because you need to use less of it, so the texture and flavor of your cookies won’t be affected. You can always use less food coloring if you prefer, but be aware that your cookies will probably be pink instead of red.
  • These cookies make great edible gifts: add them to cookie plates, wrap them individually in cellophane, or package them with a cute mug and a packet of hot cocoa!
What if the dough gets too soft or tears?

This dough is fairly easy to work with, but that doesn’t mean it’s foolproof! You might find it gets too soft to roll out or work with, depending on your kitchen’s temperature and how long the dough sits out at room temp. If you start struggling to roll or shape the cookies, give the dough a brief chill in the refrigerator. About 10-15 minutes is usually enough to make it workable again.

You can also add a bit of flour to your hands or work surface as a last resort, but I prefer to avoid adding additional flour whenever possible. Too much flour can make the cookies tough or dry.

What type of baking sheet is best for baking sugar cookies?

I prefer to bake my candy cane cookies on an aluminum, non-insulated baking sheet. I have found that dark-colored or thin baking sheets cook the bottoms of these cookies too quickly, leaving the centers underbaked. Insulated cookie sheets can give your cookies pale bottoms and non-crispy edges. If you’re not sure which of your baking sheets to use, I suggest baking one or two cookies on each sheet and see which cookie texture you prefer.

Platter of Candy Cane Cookies, with one dunked in a glass of milk.

Make-Ahead and Storage Instructions

Candy Cane Cookies can be stored in an airtight container at room temperature for up to 1 week, or in the freezer for up to 3 months. As with most cookies, their taste and texture is usually best within 3-4 days of baking.

Alternatively, you can freeze the cookie dough to bake at a later date. You have 2 choices here: you can make your cookie dough, dye it, and layer your two colors, then store your dough in the freezer for up to 3 months. When you’re ready to bake, let your dough defrost in the fridge, shape into candy canes, and bake as normal.

Or, you can fully form the candy cane cookies, then freeze the cookies on baking sheets so they retain their shape. Once frozen, transfer them into an airtight freezer container, and freeze for up to 3 months. When you’re ready to bake, they can be baked from the freezer, but the cooking time might need to be slightly longer.

Close-up of a Candy Cane Cookie in front of a pink background with twinkle lights.
Plate of Pecan Snowball Cookies with powdered sugar being sprinkled on it.

Pecan Snowball Cookies

Pecan Snowball Cookies are melt-in-your-mouth butter cookies made with toasted pecans. Also known as Mexican wedding cookies or Russian tea cakes, these classic cookies are easy to whip up and can be customized with your favorite nuts and spices.
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Hand with red fingernail lifting up a Christmas Pinwheel Cookie from a stack of cookies.

Christmas Pinwheel Cookies

These festive Pinwheel Sugar Cookies might be the best Christmas cookie recipe ever! They’re made with a simple sugar cookie dough formed into a beautiful red, white, and green spiral design.
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Don’t miss the step-by-step tutorial showing how to make Candy Cane Cookiescheck out the web story here!

Leave a Review!

If you make this recipe, let us know! Leave a ⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️ rating on the recipe below, and leave a comment, take a photo and tag me on Instagram @elabau, or use #sugarhero on IG!

Candy Cane Cookies standing up in a clear glass with gold and silver dot accents.

Candy Cane Cookies

5 from 4 votes
Candy Cane Cookies are a classic, must-make Christmas cookie recipe. Peppermint-flavored sugar cookie dough is formed into red-and-white candy cane shapes. Perfect for holiday cookie plates or a treat for Santa!
Prep46 minutes
Cook14 minutes
Chilling Time1 hour
Total2 hours
Yields36 cookies


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  • Place the butter in the bowl of a stand  mixer fitted with a paddle attachment, and beat for about 30 seconds, until creamy.
  • Add the cream cheese, mix together until combined, then add the granulated sugar. Mix on medium speed for 30 seconds.
  • Add the yolk, peppermint extract, and salt, and mix until everything comes together.
  • With the mixer running on low, add the flour in a steady stream, and mix just until combined.
  • Divide the dough in half. If you have a kitchen scale, each half should be about 18 ounces. Keep one half in the mixer, and add red gel food coloring to the dough. Mix just until the food coloring is incorporated and your dough is red.
  • Roll each color out between two sheets of parchment to a long rectangle, approximately ¼" thick, 5” wide, and 18” long. The dough will be soft, but by using the parchment paper, you should be able to work with it and form it into a rectangle. If you have too much trouble, refrigerate the dough briefly just until it’s easier to work with.
  • Chill the dough rectangles in the refrigerator for 10 minutes, then carefully stack the red on top of the white. Use a rolling pin to gently roll over the rectangle and meld the two colors together. You should now have a two-toned rectangle about ½” thick, 5" wide, and 18” long. Wrap it in plastic wrap and refrigerate until firm, about 45 minutes.
  • Use a sharp knife to cut thin strips from the rectangle. Start cutting at the top of long side and cut across the short side. Each strip should be about ½-inch wide and 5-inches long. Roll the strip between your hands until the edges round out. Start to twist the dough gently with your fingers, creating a red-and-white spiral pattern. Curve one end of the dough around to form a hooked candy cane shape, and place on a baking sheet covered with parchment paper.
  • Repeat with the rest of the dough and more baking sheets until you’ve made about 36 candy cane cookies. If the dough starts to tear and becomes hard to work with during this process, refrigerate it briefly to firm up.
  • Preheat the oven to 350 F (175 C). Stick one of the baking sheets of cookies in the freezer while the oven preheats, so the cookies are chilled but not actually frozen when going in to bake.
  • Bake the cookies for 12-14 minutes. The color won’t change much, but they will puff up and lose their raw shine, and the bottoms will be light golden.
  • Cool completely before removing from the baking sheet. Store Candy Cane Cookies in an airtight container at room temperature for up to a week, or in the freezer for up to 3 months.

Measuring Tips

Our recipes are developed using weight measurements, and we highly recommend using a kitchen scale for baking whenever possible. However, if you prefer to use cups, volume measurements are provided as well. PLEASE NOTE: the adage “8 oz = 1 cup” is NOT true when speaking about weight, so don’t be concerned if the measurements don’t fit this formula.

Want to learn more about baking measurements and conversion?


Calories: 135kcal | Carbohydrates: 18g | Protein: 2g | Fat: 6g | Saturated Fat: 4g | Polyunsaturated Fat: 1g | Monounsaturated Fat: 2g | Trans Fat: 1g | Cholesterol: 22mg | Sodium: 44mg | Potassium: 20mg | Fiber: 1g | Sugar: 8g | Vitamin A: 207IU | Calcium: 7mg | Iron: 1mg
Tried this recipe?Snap a pic and hashtag it #SugarHero. We love to see your creations on our Instagram @elabau.
Two photo collage of Candy Cane Cookies with text overlay for Pinterest.

Meet Elizabeth!

Hi, I’m Elizabeth — a trained pastry chef, cookbook author, video instructor, and your new Baking BFF! I’m going to teach you everything you need to know to be a sugar hero. ❤️

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    1. Thanks Alison! I make these with my boys and it’s always a good (and messy!) time. Please come back and let us know how they turned out for you!

    1. Thanks Gina! I loved these as a kid as well – something magical about candy cane cookies during the holidays. 🙂

      1. Hi.. these look adorable and delicious. I have a question, my kids don’t like peppermint can I replace that or will it ruin the recipe?

        1. Hi Waly. You can replace the peppermint flavoring with any other flavoring your family likes. I would think vanilla or almond would be a great place to start. I hope they enjoy the cookies.

  1. Hey Elizabeth, if the dough is 13 inches long, and you want them cut 1/2 inch, that only comes out to 26 cookies, not 36, unless you want me to cut them thinner, making them now, hope they turn out, they look great, thanks for the recipe

    1. Hi Carl. Thank you so much for catching that mistake in the directions. I’ve updated the recipe post directions. The rectangles of dough are supposed to be 5″ by 18″ and after cutting across the width of the rectangles you’ll have 36-1/2″ strips to make 36 cookies. I hope that helps. Thanks again for letting me know. I really appreciate it. Happy baking.

  2. This recipe caught my eye because your cookies aren’t as “puffy” as most candy cane sugar cookies. Can you tell me why that is?

    1. Hi Karissa! I haven’t taken a close look at other recipes out there so I can’t say what they do/don’t do…but for these cookies I intentionally wanted ones that looked more like candy canes, so I used a dough that holds its shape better during baking and doesn’t puff/expand as much. It’s similar to a dough I use for pinwheel cookies, and I would say the final texture is a bit crunchy on the bottom but tender inside (assuming they’re not overbaked!). If you’re looking for a really soft and pillowy candy cane cookie this isn’t it, if you want something with a slightly crisp sugar cookie texture then this is for you. 🙂

  3. I am going to bake these cookies for a cookie exchange and I am so looking forward to trying these! I was wondering what would be the best way to sand them with white/clear sparkling sugar crystals? I’ve seen other recipes call for painting a light egg wash on the cookie, sprinkling them and then baking. I’ve also seen light corn syrup called for. I’m curious what approach you’d recommend! Thank you and I cannot wait to eat (ahem, I mean make) these!

    1. Hi Erin. Either way would work to affix the sprinkles, but I prefer to use watered-down light corn syrup. Using egg whites can form a layer on top of the cookie that is visible, and it also tends to take on some color during baking (Plus, you’ll have leftover egg yolks to find a use for, lol). I don’t ever have any unpleasant side effects with corn syrup. It’ll be too thick to spread easily straight from the bottle, so you’ll want to water it down to the thickness of pancake syrup. I don’t usually measure when I do this, but I’m guessing about a 2/3 corn syrup to 1/3 water. I usually just put a little corn syrup in a bowl and add in small amounts of water until it seems like it’ll be easy to paint on the cookies. My only tip for using corn syrup is to make sure you paint a very light layer. If it is too thick, it can get gloopy and even cause clumping in the sugar sprinkles. I hope that helps. Have fun with your cookies exchange and eating (I mean making) cookies!